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The PainExam podcast

A podcast featuring PainExam.com's creator David Rosenblum, MD, discussing Pain Management Board Preparation, keywords, and current topics relevant to any physician who practices pain management. David Rosenblum, MD has been preparing physicians for the pain boards since 2008, and is currently the director of Pain Management at Maimonides Medical Center, AABP Pain Management , and CEO of QBazaar.com.
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Now displaying: September, 2015
Sep 29, 2015

 

PainExam.com is proud to announce, we have just passed 10,000 downloads!!!

On this Podcast

ICD 10 Preparation Free Version with all the basics to help you prepare you for the new system

Wrong sided procedure

RSD

Chronic pain

CRPS, etc

 

PainExam Podcast

Download our iphone App!

Download our Android App!

For more information on Pain Management Topics and keywords

Go to PainExam.com

David Rosenblum, MD specializes in Pain Management and is the Director of Pain Management at Maimonides Medical Center and AABP Pain Managment

For evaluation and treatment of a Painful Disorder, go to www.AABPPain.com

718 436 7246

DISCLAIMER: Doctor Rosenblum IS HERE SOLELY TO EDUCATE, AND YOU ARE SOLELY RESPONSIBLE FOR ALL YOUR DECISIONS AND ACTIONS IN RESPONSE TO ANY INFORMATION CONTAINED HEREIN. This podcasts is not intended as a substitute for the medical advice of physician to a particular patient or specific ailment. 

You should regularly consult a physician in matters relating to yours or another’s health.  You understand that this podcast is not intended as a substitute for consultation with a licensed medical professional. 

 

Copyright © 2015 QBazaar.com, LLC  All rights reserved. No part of this publication may be reproduced, stored in a retrieval system, or transmitted in any form or by any means, electronic, mechanical, recording or otherwise, without the prior written permission of the author.

 

 Reference

https://www.codeitrightonline.com/ciri/understanding-icd-10-cm-episode-of-care-7th-character-extensions.html

ICD 10-CM. The Complete Official Draft Code set. 2014

Sep 29, 2015

 

PainExam.com is proud to announce, we have just passed 10,000 downloads!!!

On this Podcast

ICD 10 Preparation Full Version with all of the details to prepare you for the new system

Wrong sided procedure

RSD

Chronic pain

CRPS, etc

 

PainExam Podcast

Download our iphone App!

Download our Android App!

For more information on Pain Management Topics and keywords

Go to PainExam.com

David Rosenblum, MD specializes in Pain Management and is the Director of Pain Management at Maimonides Medical Center and AABP Pain Managment

For evaluation and treatment of a Painful Disorder, go to www.AABPPain.com

718 436 7246

DISCLAIMER: Doctor Rosenblum IS HERE SOLELY TO EDUCATE, AND YOU ARE SOLELY RESPONSIBLE FOR ALL YOUR DECISIONS AND ACTIONS IN RESPONSE TO ANY INFORMATION CONTAINED HEREIN. This podcasts is not intended as a substitute for the medical advice of physician to a particular patient or specific ailment. 

You should regularly consult a physician in matters relating to yours or another’s health.  You understand that this podcast is not intended as a substitute for consultation with a licensed medical professional. 

 

Copyright © 2015 QBazaar.com, LLC  All rights reserved. No part of this publication may be reproduced, stored in a retrieval system, or transmitted in any form or by any means, electronic, mechanical, recording or otherwise, without the prior written permission of the author.

 

 Reference

https://www.codeitrightonline.com/ciri/understanding-icd-10-cm-episode-of-care-7th-character-extensions.html

ICD 10-CM. The Complete Official Draft Code set. 2014

Sep 22, 2015

A review of Osteoarthritis  for the the Pain Practitioner.

To hear about Ankylosing spondylitis please subscribe to our premium episodes

Discussed:

Joint Replacement

DMARDs

NSAIDs

Syndesmophytes

Crepitus

Xray findings

Bouchards

PainExam Podcast

Download our iphone App!

Download our Android App!

For more information on Pain Management Topics and keywords

Go to PainExam.com

David Rosenblum, MD specializes in Pain Management and is the Director of Pain Management at Maimonides Medical Center and AABP Pain Managment

For evaluation and treatment of a Painful Disorder, go to www.AABPPain.com

718 436 7246

DISCLAIMER: Doctor Rosenblum IS HERE SOLELY TO EDUCATE, AND YOU ARE SOLELY RESPONSIBLE FOR ALL YOUR DECISIONS AND ACTIONS IN RESPONSE TO ANY INFORMATION CONTAINED HEREIN. This podcasts is not intended as a substitute for the medical advice of physician to a particular patient or specific ailment. 

You should regularly consult a physician in matters relating to yours or another’s health.  You understand that this podcast is not intended as a substitute for consultation with a licensed medical professional. 

Copyright © 2015 QBazaar.com, LLC  All rights reserved. No part of this publication may be reproduced, stored in a retrieval system, or transmitted in any form or by any means, electronic, mechanical, recording or otherwise, without the prior written permission of the author.

References

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Ankylosing_spondylitis
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Osteoarthritis
  1. "Ankylosing Spondylitis -Professional reference for Doctors - Patient UK"Patient UK. Retrieved 26 May 2014.
  2. Jump up ^ Jiménez-Balderas FJ, Mintz G (1993). "Ankylosing spondylitis: clinical course in women and men". J Rheumatol 20 (12): 2069–72. PMID 7516975.
  3. Jump up ^ Longo, Dan Louis; Fauci, Anthony S.; Harrison, Tinsley Randolph; Kasper, Dennis L.; Hauser, Stephen L.; Jameson, J. Larry; Loscalzo, Joseph (2012). Harrison's Principles of Internal Medicine. Vol. 1 (18th ed.). McGraw-Hill. ISBN 978-0-07-163244-7.
  4. Jump up ^ "Ankolysing Spondylitis"Arthritis Action. Retrieved 12 August 2015.
  5. Jump up ^ Thomas E, Silman AJ, Papageorgiou AC, Macfarlane GJ, Croft PR (1998). "Association between measures of spinal mobility and low back pain. An analysis of new attenders in primary care". Spine 23 (2): 343–7. doi:10.1097/00007632-199802010-00011PMID 9507623.
  6. Jump up ^ Garrett S, Jenkinson T, Kennedy LG, Whitelock H, Gaisford P, Calin A (1994). "A new approach to defining disease status in ankylosing spondylitis: the Bath Ankylosing Spondylitis Disease Activity Index". J Rheumatol 21 (12): 2286–91. PMID 7699630.
  7. Jump up ^ Calin A, Garrett S, Whitelock H, Kennedy LG, O'Hea J, Mallorie P, Jenkinson T (1994). "A new approach to defining functional ability in ankylosing spondylitis: the development of the Bath Ankylosing Spondylitis Functional Index". J Rheumatol 21 (12): 2281–5. PMID 7699629.
  8. Jump up ^ Toivanen A, Möttönen T (1998). "Ankylosing spondylitis: current approaches to treatment". BioDrugs 10 (3): 193–200. doi:10.2165/00063030-199810030-00003PMID 18020595.
  9. Jump up ^ Williams RO, Paleolog E, Feldmann M (2007). "Cytokine inhibitors in rheumatoid arthritis and other autoimmune diseases". Curr Opin Pharmacol 7 (4): 412–7. doi:10.1016/j.coph.2007.06.001PMID 17627887.
  10. Jump up ^ Kroon F, Landewé R, Dougados M, van der Heijde D (October 2012). "Continuous NSAID use reverts the effects of inflammation on radiographic progression in patients with ankylosing spondylitis"Ann. Rheum. Dis. 71 (10): 1623–9. doi:10.1136/annrheumdis-2012-201370PMID 22532639.
  11. Jump up ^ Chen J, Lin S, Liu C (27 November 2014). "Sulfasalazine for ankylosing spondylitis.". The Cochrane database of systematic reviews 11: CD004800. doi:10.1002/14651858.CD004800.pub3PMID 25427435.
  12. Jump up ^ Chen J, Veras MM, Liu C, Lin J (28 February 2013). "Methotrexate for ankylosing spondylitis.". The Cochrane database of systematic reviews 2: CD004524. doi:10.1002/14651858.CD004524.pub4PMID 23450553.
  13. Jump up ^ Braun J, van den Berg R, Baraliakos X, Boehm H, Burgos-Vargas R, Collantes-Estevez E, Dagfinrud H, Dijkmans B, Dougados M, Emery P, Geher P, Hammoudeh M, Inman RD, Jongkees M, Khan MA, Kiltz U, Kvien T, Leirisalo-Repo M, Maksymowych WP, Olivieri I, Pavelka K, Sieper J, Stanislawska-Biernat E, Wendling D, Ozgocmen S, van Drogen C, van Royen B, van der Heijde D (June 2011). "2010 update of the ASAS/EULAR recommendations for the management of ankylosing spondylitis"Ann. Rheum. Dis. 70 (6): 896–904. doi:10.1136/ard.2011.151027PMC 3086052PMID 21540199.
  14. Jump up ^ Braun J, Sieper J (2007). "Ankylosing spondylitis". Lancet 369 (9570): 1379–90. doi:10.1016/S0140-6736(07)60635-7PMID 17448825.
  15. Jump up ^ Brulhart L, Nissen MJ, Chevallier P, Gabay C (February 2010). "Mixed response to tocilizumab for ankylosing spondylitis". Annals of the Rheumatic Diseases 69 (12): 2217–2218. doi:10.1136/ard.2009.126706PMID 20851032.
  16. Jump up ^ Rodríguez-Escalera C, Fernández-Nebro A (2008). "The use of rituximab to treat a patient with ankylosing spondylitis and hepatitis B". Rheumatology47 (11): 1732–1733. doi:10.1093/rheumatology/ken362PMID 18786966.
  17. Jump up ^ "Philadelphia Panel evidence-based clinical practice guidelines on selected rehabilitation interventions: overview and methodology". Phys Ther 81 (10): 1629–40. 2001. PMID 11589641.
  18. Jump up ^ Dagfinrud H, Kvien TK, Hagen KB (23 January 2008). "Physiotherapy interventions for ankylosing spondylitis.". The Cochrane database of systematic reviews (1): CD002822. doi:10.1002/14651858.CD002822.pub3PMID 18254008.
  19. Jump up ^ Sieper J, Braun J, Rudwaleit M, Boonen A, Zink A (2002). "Ankylosing spondylitis: an overview"Ann. Rheum. Dis. 61 Suppl 3: iii8–18. doi:10.1136/ard.61.suppl_3.iii8PMC 1766729PMID 12381506.
  20. Jump up ^ Bond D (2013). "Ankylosing spondylitis: diagnosis and management". Nurs Stand 28 (16-18): 52–9; quiz 60. doi:10.7748/ns2013.12.28.16.52.e7807PMID 24345154.
  21. Jump up to: a b Alpert, Joseph S. (2006). The AHA Clinical Cardiac Consult. Lippincott Williams & Wilkins. ISBN 0-7817-6490-4.
  22. Jump up ^ Ahn NU, Ahn UM, Nallamshetty L, Springer BD, Buchowski JM, Funches L, Garrett ES, Kostuik JP, Kebaish KM, Sponseller PD (2001). "Cauda Equina Syndrome in AS (The CES-AS Syndrome): Meta-analysis of outcomes after medical and surgical treatments". J of Spinal Disorders 14 (5): 427–433. doi:10.1097/00002517-200110000-00009PMID 11586143.
  23. Jump up to: a b Bakland G, Gran JT, Nossent JC (November 2011). "Increased mortality in ankylosing spondylitis is related to disease activity". Ann. Rheum. Dis.70 (11): 1921–5. doi:10.1136/ard.2011.151191PMID 21784726.
  24. Jump up ^ Radford EP, Doll R, Smith PG (September 1977). "Mortality among patients with ankylosing spondylitis not given X-ray therapy". N. Engl. J. Med. 297(11): 572–6. doi:10.1056/NEJM197709152971103PMID 887115.
  25. Jump up ^ Del Din S, Carraro E, Sawacha Z, Guiotto A, Bonaldo L, Masiero S, Cobelli C (2011). "Impaired gait in ankylosing spondylitis". Med Biol Eng Comput 49(7): 801–9. doi:10.1007/s11517-010-0731-xPMID 21229328
  26. "Ankylosing Spondylitis -Professional reference for Doctors - Patient UK". Patient UK. Retrieved 26 May 2014.

    2.Jump up ^ Jiménez-Balderas FJ, Mintz G (1993). "Ankylosing spondylitis: clinical course in women and men". J Rheumatol 20 (12): 2069–72. PMID 7516975.

    3.Jump up ^ Longo, Dan Louis; Fauci, Anthony S.; Harrison, Tinsley Randolph; Kasper, Dennis L.; Hauser, Stephen L.; Jameson, J. Larry; Loscalzo, Joseph (2012). Harrison's Principles of Internal Medicine. Vol. 1 (18th ed.). McGraw-Hill. ISBN 978-0-07-163244-7.

    4.Jump up ^ "Ankolysing Spondylitis". Arthritis Action. Retrieved 12 August 2015.

    5.Jump up ^ Thomas E, Silman AJ, Papageorgiou AC, Macfarlane GJ, Croft PR (1998). "Association between measures of spinal mobility and low back pain. An analysis of new attenders in primary care". Spine 23 (2): 343–7. doi:10.1097/00007632-199802010-00011. PMID 9507623.

    6.Jump up ^ Garrett S, Jenkinson T, Kennedy LG, Whitelock H, Gaisford P, Calin A (1994). "A new approach to defining disease status in ankylosing spondylitis: the Bath Ankylosing Spondylitis Disease Activity Index". J Rheumatol 21 (12): 2286–91. PMID 7699630.

    7.Jump up ^ Calin A, Garrett S, Whitelock H, Kennedy LG, O'Hea J, Mallorie P, Jenkinson T (1994). "A new approach to defining functional ability in ankylosing spondylitis: the development of the Bath Ankylosing Spondylitis Functional Index". J Rheumatol 21 (12): 2281–5. PMID 7699629.

    8.Jump up ^ Toivanen A, Möttönen T (1998). "Ankylosing spondylitis: current approaches to treatment". BioDrugs 10 (3): 193–200. doi:10.2165/00063030-199810030-00003. PMID 18020595.

    9.Jump up ^ Williams RO, Paleolog E, Feldmann M (2007). "Cytokine inhibitors in rheumatoid arthritis and other autoimmune diseases". Curr Opin Pharmacol 7 (4): 412–7. doi:10.1016/j.coph.2007.06.001. PMID 17627887.

    10.Jump up ^ Kroon F, Landewé R, Dougados M, van der Heijde D (October 2012). "Continuous NSAID use reverts the effects of inflammation on radiographic progression in patients with ankylosing spondylitis". Ann. Rheum. Dis. 71 (10): 1623–9. doi:10.1136/annrheumdis-2012-201370. PMID 22532639.

    11.Jump up ^ Chen J, Lin S, Liu C (27 November 2014). "Sulfasalazine for ankylosing spondylitis.". The Cochrane database of systematic reviews 11: CD004800. doi:10.1002/14651858.CD004800.pub3. PMID 25427435.

    12.Jump up ^ Chen J, Veras MM, Liu C, Lin J (28 February 2013). "Methotrexate for ankylosing spondylitis.". The Cochrane database of systematic reviews 2: CD004524. doi:10.1002/14651858.CD004524.pub4. PMID 23450553.

    13.Jump up ^ Braun J, van den Berg R, Baraliakos X, Boehm H, Burgos-Vargas R, Collantes-Estevez E, Dagfinrud H, Dijkmans B, Dougados M, Emery P, Geher P, Hammoudeh M, Inman RD, Jongkees M, Khan MA, Kiltz U, Kvien T, Leirisalo-Repo M, Maksymowych WP, Olivieri I, Pavelka K, Sieper J, Stanislawska-Biernat E, Wendling D, Ozgocmen S, van Drogen C, van Royen B, van der Heijde D (June 2011). "2010 update of the ASAS/EULAR recommendations for the management of ankylosing spondylitis". Ann. Rheum. Dis. 70 (6): 896–904. doi:10.1136/ard.2011.151027. PMC 3086052. PMID 21540199.

    14.Jump up ^ Braun J, Sieper J (2007). "Ankylosing spondylitis". Lancet 369 (9570): 1379–90. doi:10.1016/S0140-6736(07)60635-7. PMID 17448825.

    15.Jump up ^ Brulhart L, Nissen MJ, Chevallier P, Gabay C (February 2010). "Mixed response to tocilizumab for ankylosing spondylitis". Annals of the Rheumatic Diseases 69 (12): 2217–2218. doi:10.1136/ard.2009.126706. PMID 20851032.

    16.Jump up ^ Rodríguez-Escalera C, Fernández-Nebro A (2008). "The use of rituximab to treat a patient with ankylosing spondylitis and hepatitis B". Rheumatology 47 (11): 1732–1733. doi:10.1093/rheumatology/ken362. PMID 18786966.

    17.Jump up ^ "Philadelphia Panel evidence-based clinical practice guidelines on selected rehabilitation interventions: overview and methodology". Phys Ther 81 (10): 1629–40. 2001. PMID 11589641.

    18.Jump up ^ Dagfinrud H, Kvien TK, Hagen KB (23 January 2008). "Physiotherapy interventions for ankylosing spondylitis.". The Cochrane database of systematic reviews (1): CD002822. doi:10.1002/14651858.CD002822.pub3. PMID 18254008.

    19.Jump up ^ Sieper J, Braun J, Rudwaleit M, Boonen A, Zink A (2002). "Ankylosing spondylitis: an overview". Ann. Rheum. Dis. 61 Suppl 3: iii8–18. doi:10.1136/ard.61.suppl_3.iii8. PMC 1766729. PMID 12381506.

    20.Jump up ^ Bond D (2013). "Ankylosing spondylitis: diagnosis and management". Nurs Stand 28 (16-18): 52–9; quiz 60. doi:10.7748/ns2013.12.28.16.52.e7807. PMID 24345154.

    21.^ Jump up to: a b Alpert, Joseph S. (2006). The AHA Clinical Cardiac Consult. Lippincott Williams & Wilkins. ISBN 0-7817-6490-4.

    22.Jump up ^ Ahn NU, Ahn UM, Nallamshetty L, Springer BD, Buchowski JM, Funches L, Garrett ES, Kostuik JP, Kebaish KM, Sponseller PD (2001). "Cauda Equina Syndrome in AS (The CES-AS Syndrome): Meta-analysis of outcomes after medical and surgical treatments". J of Spinal Disorders 14 (5): 427–433. doi:10.1097/00002517-200110000-00009. PMID 11586143.

    23.^ Jump up to: a b Bakland G, Gran JT, Nossent JC (November 2011). "Increased mortality in ankylosing spondylitis is related to disease activity". Ann. Rheum. Dis. 70 (11): 1921–5. doi:10.1136/ard.2011.151191. PMID 21784726.

    24.Jump up ^ Radford EP, Doll R, Smith PG (September 1977). "Mortality among patients with ankylosing spondylitis not given X-ray therapy". N. Engl. J. Med. 297 (11): 572–6. doi:10.1056/NEJM197709152971103. PMID 887115.

    25.Jump up ^ Del Din S, Carraro E, Sawacha Z, Guiotto A, Bonaldo L, Masiero S, Cobelli C (2011). "Impaired gait in ankylosing spondylitis". Med Biol Eng Comput 49 (7): 801–9. doi:10.1007/s11517-010-0731-x. PMID 21229328

  1. Jump up to: a b c d e f g h i "Osteoarthritis"National Institute of Arthritis and Musculoskeletal and Skin Diseases. April 2015. Retrieved 13 May 2015.
  2. Jump up to: a b c d Glyn-Jones, S; Palmer, AJ; Agricola, R; Price, AJ; Vincent, TL; Weinans, H; Carr, AJ (3 March 2015). "Osteoarthritis.". LancetPMID 25748615.
  3. Jump up ^ Berenbaum F (2013). "Osteoarthritis as an inflammatory disease (osteoarthritis is not osteoarthrosis!)". Osteoarthritis and Cartilage 21 (1): 16–21. doi:10.1016/j.joca.2012.11.012PMID 23194896.
  4. Jump up to: a b Conaghan P (2008). "Osteoarthritis — National clinical guideline for care and management in adults" (PDF).
  5. Jump up to: a b March, L; Smith, EU; Hoy, DG; Cross, MJ; Sanchez-Riera, L; Blyth, F; Buchbinder, R; Vos, T; Woolf, AD (June 2014). "Burden of disability due to musculoskeletal (MSK) disorders.". Best practice & research. Clinical rheumatology 28 (3): 353–66. PMID 25481420.
  6. Jump up ^ Elsternwick (2013). "A problem worth solving."Arthritis and Osteoporosis Victoria.
  7. Jump up ^ MedlinePlus Encyclopedia Osteoarthritis
  8. Jump up ^ de Figueiredo EC, Figueiredo GC, Dantas RT (December 2011). "Influência de elementos meteorológicos na dor de pacientes com osteoartrite: Revisão da literatura" [Influence of meteorological elements on osteoarthritis pain: a review of the literature]. Rev Bras Reumatol (in Portuguese) 51 (6): 622–8. doi:10.1590/S0482-50042011000600008PMID 22124595.
  9. Jump up ^ "Water on the knee"MayoClinic.com.
  10. Jump up to: a b Brandt KD, Dieppe P, Radin E (January 2009). "Etiopathogenesis of osteoarthritis". Med. Clin. North Am. 93 (1): 1–24, xv. doi:10.1016/j.mcna.2008.08.009PMID 19059018.
  11. Jump up ^ Bosomworth NJ (September 2009). "Exercise and knee osteoarthritis: benefit or hazard?"Can Fam Physician 55 (9): 871–8. PMC 2743580PMID 19752252.
  12. Jump up ^ Deweber K, Olszewski M, Ortolano R (2011). "Knuckle cracking and hand osteoarthritis". J Am Board Fam Med 24 (2): 169–74. doi:10.3122/jabfm.2011.02.100156PMID 21383216.
  13. Jump up ^ Valdes AM, Spector TD (August 2008). "The contribution of genes to osteoarthritis". Rheum. Dis. Clin. North Am. 34 (3): 581–603. doi:10.1016/j.rdc.2008.04.008PMID 18687274.
  14. Jump up ^ Spector TD, MacGregor AJ (2004). "Risk factors for osteoarthritis: genetics". Osteoarthr. Cartil. 12 Suppl A: S39–44. doi:10.1016/j.joca.2003.09.005PMID 14698640.
  15. Jump up ^ Hogervorst T, Bouma HW, de Vos J (August 2009). "Evolution of the hip and pelvis.". Acta orthopaedica. Supplementum 80 (336): 1–39. doi:10.1080/17453690610046620PMID 19919389.
  16. Jump up ^ van der Kraan PM, van den Berg WB (April 2008). "Osteoarthritis in the context of ageing and evolution. Loss of chondrocyte differentiation block during ageing.". Ageing Research Reviews 7 (2): 106–13. doi:10.1016/j.arr.2007.10.001PMID 18054526.
  17. Jump up ^ Coggon D, Reading I, Croft P, McLaren M, Barrett D, Cooper C (May 2001). "Knee osteoarthritis and obesity". Int. J. Obes. Relat. Metab. Disord. 25 (5): 622–7. doi:10.1038/sj.ijo.0801585PMID 11360143.
  18. Jump up ^ Pottie P, Presle N, Terlain B, Netter P, Mainard D, Berenbaum F (November 2006). "Obesity and osteoarthritis: more complex than predicted!"Ann. Rheum. Dis. 65 (11): 1403–5. doi:10.1136/ard.2006.061994PMC 1798356PMID 17038451.
  19. Jump up ^ Linn S, Murtaugh B, Casey E (May 2012). "Role of sex hormones in the development of osteoarthritis". PM R 4 (5 Suppl): S169–73. doi:10.1016/j.pmrj.2012.01.013PMID 22632696.
  20. Jump up ^ Tanamas SK, Wijethilake P, Wluka AE, Davies-Tuck ML, Urquhart DM, Wang Y, Cicuttini FM (June 2011). "Sex hormones and structural changes in osteoarthritis: a systematic review". Maturitas 69 (2): 141–56. doi:10.1016/j.maturitas.2011.03.019PMID 21481553.
  21. Jump up ^ Ma HL, Blanchet TJ, Peluso D, Hopkins B, Morris EA, Glasson SS (June 2007). "Osteoarthritis severity is sex dependent in a surgical mouse model". Osteoarthr. Cartil. 15 (6): 695–700. doi:10.1016/j.joca.2006.11.005PMID 17207643.
  22. Jump up ^ King KB, Rosenthal AK (2015). "The adverse effects of diabetes on osteoarthritis: update on clinical evidence and molecular mechanisms". Osteoarthritis Cartilage 23 (6): 841–50. doi:10.1016/j.joca.2015.03.031PMID 25837996.
  23. Jump up to: a b c Maroudas AI (April 1976). "Balance between swelling pressure and collagen tension in normal and degenerate cartilage". Nature 260 (5554): 808–9. doi:10.1038/260808a0PMID 1264261.
  24. Jump up ^ Bollet AJ, Nance JL (July 1966). "Biochemical Findings in Normal and Osteoarthritic Articular Cartilage. II. Chondroitin Sulfate Concentration and Chain Length, Water, and Ash Content"J. Clin. Invest. 45 (7): 1170–7. doi:10.1172/JCI105423PMC 292789PMID 16695915.
  25. Jump up to: a b Brocklehurst R, Bayliss MT, Maroudas A, Coysh HL, Freeman MA, Revell PA, Ali SY (January 1984). "The composition of normal and osteoarthritic articular cartilage from human knee joints. With special reference to unicompartmental replacement and osteotomy of the knee". J Bone Joint Surg Am 66 (1): 95–106. PMID 6690447.
  26. Jump up ^ Chou MC, Tsai PH, Huang GS, Lee HS, Lee CH, Lin MH, Lin CY, Chung HW (April 2009). "Correlation between the MR T2 value at 4.7 T and relative water content in articular cartilage in experimental osteoarthritis induced by ACL transection". Osteoarthr. Cartil. 17 (4): 441–7. doi:10.1016/j.joca.2008.09.009PMID 18990590.
  27. Jump up ^ Grushko G, Schneiderman R, Maroudas A (1989). "Some biochemical and biophysical parameters for the study of the pathogenesis of osteoarthritis: a comparison between the processes of ageing and degeneration in human hip cartilage". Connect. Tissue Res. 19 (2–4): 149–76. doi:10.3109/03008208909043895PMID 2805680.
  28. Jump up ^ Mankin HJ, Thrasher AZ (January 1975). "Water content and binding in normal and osteoarthritic human cartilage". J Bone Joint Surg Am 57 (1): 76–80. PMID 1123375.
  29. Jump up to: a b Venn M, Maroudas A (April 1977). "Chemical composition and swelling of normal and osteoarthrotic femoral head cartilage. I. Chemical composition"Ann. Rheum. Dis. 36 (2): 121–9. doi:10.1136/ard.36.2.121PMC 1006646PMID 856064.
  30. Jump up ^ Madry H, Luyten FP, Facchini A (2012). "Biological aspects of early osteoarthritis". Knee Surg. Sports Traumatol. Arthrosc. 20 (3): 407–22. doi:10.1007/s00167-011-1705-8PMID 22009557.
  31. Jump up ^ Englund M, Roemer FW, Hayashi D, Crema MD, Guermazi A (2012). "Meniscus pathology, osteoarthritis and the treatment controversy". Nat. Rev. Rheumatol. 8 (7): 412–9. doi:10.1038/nrrheum.2012.69PMID 22614907.
  32. Jump up ^ Li G, Yin J, Gao J, Cheng TS, Pavlos NJ, Zhang C, Zheng MH (2013). "Subchondral bone in osteoarthritis: insight into risk factors and microstructural changes". Arthritis Res. Ther. 15 (6): 223. doi:10.1186/ar4405PMID 24321104.
  33. Jump up ^ Hill CL, Gale DG, Chaisson CE, Skinner K, Kazis L, Gale ME, Felson DT (2001). "Knee effusions, popliteal cysts, and synovial thickening: association with knee pain in osteoarthritis". J. Rheumatol. 28 (6): 1330–7. PMID 11409127.
  34. Jump up ^ Felson DT, Chaisson CE, Hill CL, Totterman SM, Gale ME, Skinner KM, Kazis L, Gale DR (2001). "The association of bone marrow lesions with pain in knee osteoarthritis". Ann Intern Med. 2001 Apr 3;134(7):541-9 134 (7): 541–9. doi:10.7326/0003-4819-134-7-200104030-00007PMID 11281736.
  35. Jump up ^ Zhang W, Doherty M, Peat G, Bierma-Zeinstra MA, Arden NK, Bresnihan B, Herrero-Beaumont G, Kirschner S, Leeb BF, Lohmander LS, Mazières B, Pavelka K, Punzi L, So AK, Tuncer T, Watt I, Bijlsma JW (March 2010). "EULAR evidence-based recommendations for the diagnosis of knee osteoarthritis". Ann. Rheum. Dis. 69 (3): 483–9. doi:10.1136/ard.2009.113100PMID 19762361.
  36. Jump up ^ Bierma-Zeinstra SM, Oster JD, Bernsen RM, Verhaar JA, Ginai AZ, Bohnen AM (August 2002). "Joint space narrowing and relationship with symptoms and signs in adults consulting for hip pain in primary care". J. Rheumatol. 29 (8): 1713–8. PMID 12180735.
  37. Jump up ^ Osteoarthritis (OA): Joint Disorders at Merck Manual of Diagnosis and Therapy Professional Edition
  38. Jump up ^ Phillips CR, Brasington RD (2010). "Osteoarthritis treatment update: Are NSAIDs still in the picture?"Journal of Musculoskeletal Medicine 27 (2).
  39. Jump up ^ Kalunian KC (2013). "Patient information: Osteoarthritis symptoms and diagnosis (Beyond the Basics)". UpToDate. Retrieved 15 February 2013.
  40. Jump up ^ Altman R, Alarcón G, Appelrouth D, Bloch D, Borenstein D, Brandt K, Brown C, Cooke TD, Daniel W, Gray R (November 1990). "The American College of Rheumatology criteria for the classification and reporting of osteoarthritis of the hand". Arthritis Rheum. 33 (11): 1601–10. doi:10.1002/art.1780331101PMID 2242058.
Sep 22, 2015

A review of Osteoarthritis and Ankylosing Spondylitis for the the Pain Practitioner.

Discussed:

Joint Replacement

Bamboo Spine

DMARDs

NSAIDs

Syndesmophytes

Crepitus

Xray findings

HLA B27

ESR

CRP

PainExam Podcast

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For more information on Pain Management Topics and keywords

Go to PainExam.com

David Rosenblum, MD specializes in Pain Management and is the Director of Pain Management at Maimonides Medical Center and AABP Pain Managment

For evaluation and treatment of a Painful Disorder, go to www.AABPPain.com

718 436 7246

DISCLAIMER: Doctor Rosenblum IS HERE SOLELY TO EDUCATE, AND YOU ARE SOLELY RESPONSIBLE FOR ALL YOUR DECISIONS AND ACTIONS IN RESPONSE TO ANY INFORMATION CONTAINED HEREIN. This podcasts is not intended as a substitute for the medical advice of physician to a particular patient or specific ailment. 

You should regularly consult a physician in matters relating to yours or another’s health.  You understand that this podcast is not intended as a substitute for consultation with a licensed medical professional. 

Copyright © 2015 QBazaar.com, LLC  All rights reserved. No part of this publication may be reproduced, stored in a retrieval system, or transmitted in any form or by any means, electronic, mechanical, recording or otherwise, without the prior written permission of the author.

References

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Ankylosing_spondylitis
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Osteoarthritis
    1. "Ankylosing Spondylitis -Professional reference for Doctors - Patient UK"Patient UK. Retrieved 26 May 2014.
    2. Jump up ^ Jiménez-Balderas FJ, Mintz G (1993). "Ankylosing spondylitis: clinical course in women and men". J Rheumatol 20 (12): 2069–72. PMID 7516975.
    3. Jump up ^ Longo, Dan Louis; Fauci, Anthony S.; Harrison, Tinsley Randolph; Kasper, Dennis L.; Hauser, Stephen L.; Jameson, J. Larry; Loscalzo, Joseph (2012). Harrison's Principles of Internal Medicine. Vol. 1 (18th ed.). McGraw-Hill. ISBN 978-0-07-163244-7.
    4. Jump up ^ "Ankolysing Spondylitis"Arthritis Action. Retrieved 12 August 2015.
    5. Jump up ^ Thomas E, Silman AJ, Papageorgiou AC, Macfarlane GJ, Croft PR (1998). "Association between measures of spinal mobility and low back pain. An analysis of new attenders in primary care". Spine 23 (2): 343–7. doi:10.1097/00007632-199802010-00011PMID 9507623.
    6. Jump up ^ Garrett S, Jenkinson T, Kennedy LG, Whitelock H, Gaisford P, Calin A (1994). "A new approach to defining disease status in ankylosing spondylitis: the Bath Ankylosing Spondylitis Disease Activity Index". J Rheumatol 21 (12): 2286–91. PMID 7699630.
    7. Jump up ^ Calin A, Garrett S, Whitelock H, Kennedy LG, O'Hea J, Mallorie P, Jenkinson T (1994). "A new approach to defining functional ability in ankylosing spondylitis: the development of the Bath Ankylosing Spondylitis Functional Index". J Rheumatol 21 (12): 2281–5. PMID 7699629.
    8. Jump up ^ Toivanen A, Möttönen T (1998). "Ankylosing spondylitis: current approaches to treatment". BioDrugs 10 (3): 193–200. doi:10.2165/00063030-199810030-00003PMID 18020595.
    9. Jump up ^ Williams RO, Paleolog E, Feldmann M (2007). "Cytokine inhibitors in rheumatoid arthritis and other autoimmune diseases". Curr Opin Pharmacol 7 (4): 412–7. doi:10.1016/j.coph.2007.06.001PMID 17627887.
    10. Jump up ^ Kroon F, Landewé R, Dougados M, van der Heijde D (October 2012). "Continuous NSAID use reverts the effects of inflammation on radiographic progression in patients with ankylosing spondylitis"Ann. Rheum. Dis. 71 (10): 1623–9. doi:10.1136/annrheumdis-2012-201370PMID 22532639.
    11. Jump up ^ Chen J, Lin S, Liu C (27 November 2014). "Sulfasalazine for ankylosing spondylitis.". The Cochrane database of systematic reviews 11: CD004800. doi:10.1002/14651858.CD004800.pub3PMID 25427435.
    12. Jump up ^ Chen J, Veras MM, Liu C, Lin J (28 February 2013). "Methotrexate for ankylosing spondylitis.". The Cochrane database of systematic reviews 2: CD004524. doi:10.1002/14651858.CD004524.pub4PMID 23450553.
    13. Jump up ^ Braun J, van den Berg R, Baraliakos X, Boehm H, Burgos-Vargas R, Collantes-Estevez E, Dagfinrud H, Dijkmans B, Dougados M, Emery P, Geher P, Hammoudeh M, Inman RD, Jongkees M, Khan MA, Kiltz U, Kvien T, Leirisalo-Repo M, Maksymowych WP, Olivieri I, Pavelka K, Sieper J, Stanislawska-Biernat E, Wendling D, Ozgocmen S, van Drogen C, van Royen B, van der Heijde D (June 2011). "2010 update of the ASAS/EULAR recommendations for the management of ankylosing spondylitis"Ann. Rheum. Dis. 70 (6): 896–904. doi:10.1136/ard.2011.151027PMC 3086052PMID 21540199.
    14. Jump up ^ Braun J, Sieper J (2007). "Ankylosing spondylitis". Lancet 369 (9570): 1379–90. doi:10.1016/S0140-6736(07)60635-7PMID 17448825.
    15. Jump up ^ Brulhart L, Nissen MJ, Chevallier P, Gabay C (February 2010). "Mixed response to tocilizumab for ankylosing spondylitis". Annals of the Rheumatic Diseases 69 (12): 2217–2218. doi:10.1136/ard.2009.126706PMID 20851032.
    16. Jump up ^ Rodríguez-Escalera C, Fernández-Nebro A (2008). "The use of rituximab to treat a patient with ankylosing spondylitis and hepatitis B". Rheumatology47 (11): 1732–1733. doi:10.1093/rheumatology/ken362PMID 18786966.
    17. Jump up ^ "Philadelphia Panel evidence-based clinical practice guidelines on selected rehabilitation interventions: overview and methodology". Phys Ther 81 (10): 1629–40. 2001. PMID 11589641.
    18. Jump up ^ Dagfinrud H, Kvien TK, Hagen KB (23 January 2008). "Physiotherapy interventions for ankylosing spondylitis.". The Cochrane database of systematic reviews (1): CD002822. doi:10.1002/14651858.CD002822.pub3PMID 18254008.
    19. Jump up ^ Sieper J, Braun J, Rudwaleit M, Boonen A, Zink A (2002). "Ankylosing spondylitis: an overview"Ann. Rheum. Dis. 61 Suppl 3: iii8–18. doi:10.1136/ard.61.suppl_3.iii8PMC 1766729PMID 12381506.
    20. Jump up ^ Bond D (2013). "Ankylosing spondylitis: diagnosis and management". Nurs Stand 28 (16-18): 52–9; quiz 60. doi:10.7748/ns2013.12.28.16.52.e7807PMID 24345154.
    21. Jump up to: a b Alpert, Joseph S. (2006). The AHA Clinical Cardiac Consult. Lippincott Williams & Wilkins. ISBN 0-7817-6490-4.
    22. Jump up ^ Ahn NU, Ahn UM, Nallamshetty L, Springer BD, Buchowski JM, Funches L, Garrett ES, Kostuik JP, Kebaish KM, Sponseller PD (2001). "Cauda Equina Syndrome in AS (The CES-AS Syndrome): Meta-analysis of outcomes after medical and surgical treatments". J of Spinal Disorders 14 (5): 427–433. doi:10.1097/00002517-200110000-00009PMID 11586143.
    23. Jump up to: a b Bakland G, Gran JT, Nossent JC (November 2011). "Increased mortality in ankylosing spondylitis is related to disease activity". Ann. Rheum. Dis.70 (11): 1921–5. doi:10.1136/ard.2011.151191PMID 21784726.
    24. Jump up ^ Radford EP, Doll R, Smith PG (September 1977). "Mortality among patients with ankylosing spondylitis not given X-ray therapy". N. Engl. J. Med. 297(11): 572–6. doi:10.1056/NEJM197709152971103PMID 887115.
    25. Jump up ^ Del Din S, Carraro E, Sawacha Z, Guiotto A, Bonaldo L, Masiero S, Cobelli C (2011). "Impaired gait in ankylosing spondylitis". Med Biol Eng Comput 49(7): 801–9. doi:10.1007/s11517-010-0731-xPMID 21229328
    26. "Ankylosing Spondylitis -Professional reference for Doctors - Patient UK". Patient UK. Retrieved 26 May 2014.

      2.Jump up ^ Jiménez-Balderas FJ, Mintz G (1993). "Ankylosing spondylitis: clinical course in women and men". J Rheumatol 20 (12): 2069–72. PMID 7516975.

      3.Jump up ^ Longo, Dan Louis; Fauci, Anthony S.; Harrison, Tinsley Randolph; Kasper, Dennis L.; Hauser, Stephen L.; Jameson, J. Larry; Loscalzo, Joseph (2012). Harrison's Principles of Internal Medicine. Vol. 1 (18th ed.). McGraw-Hill. ISBN 978-0-07-163244-7.

      4.Jump up ^ "Ankolysing Spondylitis". Arthritis Action. Retrieved 12 August 2015.

      5.Jump up ^ Thomas E, Silman AJ, Papageorgiou AC, Macfarlane GJ, Croft PR (1998). "Association between measures of spinal mobility and low back pain. An analysis of new attenders in primary care". Spine 23 (2): 343–7. doi:10.1097/00007632-199802010-00011. PMID 9507623.

      6.Jump up ^ Garrett S, Jenkinson T, Kennedy LG, Whitelock H, Gaisford P, Calin A (1994). "A new approach to defining disease status in ankylosing spondylitis: the Bath Ankylosing Spondylitis Disease Activity Index". J Rheumatol 21 (12): 2286–91. PMID 7699630.

      7.Jump up ^ Calin A, Garrett S, Whitelock H, Kennedy LG, O'Hea J, Mallorie P, Jenkinson T (1994). "A new approach to defining functional ability in ankylosing spondylitis: the development of the Bath Ankylosing Spondylitis Functional Index". J Rheumatol 21 (12): 2281–5. PMID 7699629.

      8.Jump up ^ Toivanen A, Möttönen T (1998). "Ankylosing spondylitis: current approaches to treatment". BioDrugs 10 (3): 193–200. doi:10.2165/00063030-199810030-00003. PMID 18020595.

      9.Jump up ^ Williams RO, Paleolog E, Feldmann M (2007). "Cytokine inhibitors in rheumatoid arthritis and other autoimmune diseases". Curr Opin Pharmacol 7 (4): 412–7. doi:10.1016/j.coph.2007.06.001. PMID 17627887.

      10.Jump up ^ Kroon F, Landewé R, Dougados M, van der Heijde D (October 2012). "Continuous NSAID use reverts the effects of inflammation on radiographic progression in patients with ankylosing spondylitis". Ann. Rheum. Dis. 71 (10): 1623–9. doi:10.1136/annrheumdis-2012-201370. PMID 22532639.

      11.Jump up ^ Chen J, Lin S, Liu C (27 November 2014). "Sulfasalazine for ankylosing spondylitis.". The Cochrane database of systematic reviews 11: CD004800. doi:10.1002/14651858.CD004800.pub3. PMID 25427435.

      12.Jump up ^ Chen J, Veras MM, Liu C, Lin J (28 February 2013). "Methotrexate for ankylosing spondylitis.". The Cochrane database of systematic reviews 2: CD004524. doi:10.1002/14651858.CD004524.pub4. PMID 23450553.

      13.Jump up ^ Braun J, van den Berg R, Baraliakos X, Boehm H, Burgos-Vargas R, Collantes-Estevez E, Dagfinrud H, Dijkmans B, Dougados M, Emery P, Geher P, Hammoudeh M, Inman RD, Jongkees M, Khan MA, Kiltz U, Kvien T, Leirisalo-Repo M, Maksymowych WP, Olivieri I, Pavelka K, Sieper J, Stanislawska-Biernat E, Wendling D, Ozgocmen S, van Drogen C, van Royen B, van der Heijde D (June 2011). "2010 update of the ASAS/EULAR recommendations for the management of ankylosing spondylitis". Ann. Rheum. Dis. 70 (6): 896–904. doi:10.1136/ard.2011.151027. PMC 3086052. PMID 21540199.

      14.Jump up ^ Braun J, Sieper J (2007). "Ankylosing spondylitis". Lancet 369 (9570): 1379–90. doi:10.1016/S0140-6736(07)60635-7. PMID 17448825.

      15.Jump up ^ Brulhart L, Nissen MJ, Chevallier P, Gabay C (February 2010). "Mixed response to tocilizumab for ankylosing spondylitis". Annals of the Rheumatic Diseases 69 (12): 2217–2218. doi:10.1136/ard.2009.126706. PMID 20851032.

      16.Jump up ^ Rodríguez-Escalera C, Fernández-Nebro A (2008). "The use of rituximab to treat a patient with ankylosing spondylitis and hepatitis B". Rheumatology 47 (11): 1732–1733. doi:10.1093/rheumatology/ken362. PMID 18786966.

      17.Jump up ^ "Philadelphia Panel evidence-based clinical practice guidelines on selected rehabilitation interventions: overview and methodology". Phys Ther 81 (10): 1629–40. 2001. PMID 11589641.

      18.Jump up ^ Dagfinrud H, Kvien TK, Hagen KB (23 January 2008). "Physiotherapy interventions for ankylosing spondylitis.". The Cochrane database of systematic reviews (1): CD002822. doi:10.1002/14651858.CD002822.pub3. PMID 18254008.

      19.Jump up ^ Sieper J, Braun J, Rudwaleit M, Boonen A, Zink A (2002). "Ankylosing spondylitis: an overview". Ann. Rheum. Dis. 61 Suppl 3: iii8–18. doi:10.1136/ard.61.suppl_3.iii8. PMC 1766729. PMID 12381506.

      20.Jump up ^ Bond D (2013). "Ankylosing spondylitis: diagnosis and management". Nurs Stand 28 (16-18): 52–9; quiz 60. doi:10.7748/ns2013.12.28.16.52.e7807. PMID 24345154.

      21.^ Jump up to: a b Alpert, Joseph S. (2006). The AHA Clinical Cardiac Consult. Lippincott Williams & Wilkins. ISBN 0-7817-6490-4.

      22.Jump up ^ Ahn NU, Ahn UM, Nallamshetty L, Springer BD, Buchowski JM, Funches L, Garrett ES, Kostuik JP, Kebaish KM, Sponseller PD (2001). "Cauda Equina Syndrome in AS (The CES-AS Syndrome): Meta-analysis of outcomes after medical and surgical treatments". J of Spinal Disorders 14 (5): 427–433. doi:10.1097/00002517-200110000-00009. PMID 11586143.

      23.^ Jump up to: a b Bakland G, Gran JT, Nossent JC (November 2011). "Increased mortality in ankylosing spondylitis is related to disease activity". Ann. Rheum. Dis. 70 (11): 1921–5. doi:10.1136/ard.2011.151191. PMID 21784726.

      24.Jump up ^ Radford EP, Doll R, Smith PG (September 1977). "Mortality among patients with ankylosing spondylitis not given X-ray therapy". N. Engl. J. Med. 297 (11): 572–6. doi:10.1056/NEJM197709152971103. PMID 887115.

      25.Jump up ^ Del Din S, Carraro E, Sawacha Z, Guiotto A, Bonaldo L, Masiero S, Cobelli C (2011). "Impaired gait in ankylosing spondylitis". Med Biol Eng Comput 49 (7): 801–9. doi:10.1007/s11517-010-0731-x. PMID 21229328

  1. Jump up to: a b c d e f g h i "Osteoarthritis"National Institute of Arthritis and Musculoskeletal and Skin Diseases. April 2015. Retrieved 13 May 2015.
  2. Jump up to: a b c d Glyn-Jones, S; Palmer, AJ; Agricola, R; Price, AJ; Vincent, TL; Weinans, H; Carr, AJ (3 March 2015). "Osteoarthritis.". LancetPMID 25748615.
  3. Jump up ^ Berenbaum F (2013). "Osteoarthritis as an inflammatory disease (osteoarthritis is not osteoarthrosis!)". Osteoarthritis and Cartilage 21 (1): 16–21. doi:10.1016/j.joca.2012.11.012PMID 23194896.
  4. Jump up to: a b Conaghan P (2008). "Osteoarthritis — National clinical guideline for care and management in adults" (PDF).
  5. Jump up to: a b March, L; Smith, EU; Hoy, DG; Cross, MJ; Sanchez-Riera, L; Blyth, F; Buchbinder, R; Vos, T; Woolf, AD (June 2014). "Burden of disability due to musculoskeletal (MSK) disorders.". Best practice & research. Clinical rheumatology 28 (3): 353–66. PMID 25481420.
  6. Jump up ^ Elsternwick (2013). "A problem worth solving."Arthritis and Osteoporosis Victoria.
  7. Jump up ^ MedlinePlus Encyclopedia Osteoarthritis
  8. Jump up ^ de Figueiredo EC, Figueiredo GC, Dantas RT (December 2011). "Influência de elementos meteorológicos na dor de pacientes com osteoartrite: Revisão da literatura" [Influence of meteorological elements on osteoarthritis pain: a review of the literature]. Rev Bras Reumatol (in Portuguese) 51 (6): 622–8. doi:10.1590/S0482-50042011000600008PMID 22124595.
  9. Jump up ^ "Water on the knee"MayoClinic.com.
  10. Jump up to: a b Brandt KD, Dieppe P, Radin E (January 2009). "Etiopathogenesis of osteoarthritis". Med. Clin. North Am. 93 (1): 1–24, xv. doi:10.1016/j.mcna.2008.08.009PMID 19059018.
  11. Jump up ^ Bosomworth NJ (September 2009). "Exercise and knee osteoarthritis: benefit or hazard?"Can Fam Physician 55 (9): 871–8. PMC 2743580PMID 19752252.
  12. Jump up ^ Deweber K, Olszewski M, Ortolano R (2011). "Knuckle cracking and hand osteoarthritis". J Am Board Fam Med 24 (2): 169–74. doi:10.3122/jabfm.2011.02.100156PMID 21383216.
  13. Jump up ^ Valdes AM, Spector TD (August 2008). "The contribution of genes to osteoarthritis". Rheum. Dis. Clin. North Am. 34 (3): 581–603. doi:10.1016/j.rdc.2008.04.008PMID 18687274.
  14. Jump up ^ Spector TD, MacGregor AJ (2004). "Risk factors for osteoarthritis: genetics". Osteoarthr. Cartil. 12 Suppl A: S39–44. doi:10.1016/j.joca.2003.09.005PMID 14698640.
  15. Jump up ^ Hogervorst T, Bouma HW, de Vos J (August 2009). "Evolution of the hip and pelvis.". Acta orthopaedica. Supplementum 80 (336): 1–39. doi:10.1080/17453690610046620PMID 19919389.
  16. Jump up ^ van der Kraan PM, van den Berg WB (April 2008). "Osteoarthritis in the context of ageing and evolution. Loss of chondrocyte differentiation block during ageing.". Ageing Research Reviews 7 (2): 106–13. doi:10.1016/j.arr.2007.10.001PMID 18054526.
  17. Jump up ^ Coggon D, Reading I, Croft P, McLaren M, Barrett D, Cooper C (May 2001). "Knee osteoarthritis and obesity". Int. J. Obes. Relat. Metab. Disord. 25 (5): 622–7. doi:10.1038/sj.ijo.0801585PMID 11360143.
  18. Jump up ^ Pottie P, Presle N, Terlain B, Netter P, Mainard D, Berenbaum F (November 2006). "Obesity and osteoarthritis: more complex than predicted!"Ann. Rheum. Dis. 65 (11): 1403–5. doi:10.1136/ard.2006.061994PMC 1798356PMID 17038451.
  19. Jump up ^ Linn S, Murtaugh B, Casey E (May 2012). "Role of sex hormones in the development of osteoarthritis". PM R 4 (5 Suppl): S169–73. doi:10.1016/j.pmrj.2012.01.013PMID 22632696.
  20. Jump up ^ Tanamas SK, Wijethilake P, Wluka AE, Davies-Tuck ML, Urquhart DM, Wang Y, Cicuttini FM (June 2011). "Sex hormones and structural changes in osteoarthritis: a systematic review". Maturitas 69 (2): 141–56. doi:10.1016/j.maturitas.2011.03.019PMID 21481553.
  21. Jump up ^ Ma HL, Blanchet TJ, Peluso D, Hopkins B, Morris EA, Glasson SS (June 2007). "Osteoarthritis severity is sex dependent in a surgical mouse model". Osteoarthr. Cartil. 15 (6): 695–700. doi:10.1016/j.joca.2006.11.005PMID 17207643.
  22. Jump up ^ King KB, Rosenthal AK (2015). "The adverse effects of diabetes on osteoarthritis: update on clinical evidence and molecular mechanisms". Osteoarthritis Cartilage 23 (6): 841–50. doi:10.1016/j.joca.2015.03.031PMID 25837996.
  23. Jump up to: a b c Maroudas AI (April 1976). "Balance between swelling pressure and collagen tension in normal and degenerate cartilage". Nature 260 (5554): 808–9. doi:10.1038/260808a0PMID 1264261.
  24. Jump up ^ Bollet AJ, Nance JL (July 1966). "Biochemical Findings in Normal and Osteoarthritic Articular Cartilage. II. Chondroitin Sulfate Concentration and Chain Length, Water, and Ash Content"J. Clin. Invest. 45 (7): 1170–7. doi:10.1172/JCI105423PMC 292789PMID 16695915.
  25. Jump up to: a b Brocklehurst R, Bayliss MT, Maroudas A, Coysh HL, Freeman MA, Revell PA, Ali SY (January 1984). "The composition of normal and osteoarthritic articular cartilage from human knee joints. With special reference to unicompartmental replacement and osteotomy of the knee". J Bone Joint Surg Am 66 (1): 95–106. PMID 6690447.
  26. Jump up ^ Chou MC, Tsai PH, Huang GS, Lee HS, Lee CH, Lin MH, Lin CY, Chung HW (April 2009). "Correlation between the MR T2 value at 4.7 T and relative water content in articular cartilage in experimental osteoarthritis induced by ACL transection". Osteoarthr. Cartil. 17 (4): 441–7. doi:10.1016/j.joca.2008.09.009PMID 18990590.
  27. Jump up ^ Grushko G, Schneiderman R, Maroudas A (1989). "Some biochemical and biophysical parameters for the study of the pathogenesis of osteoarthritis: a comparison between the processes of ageing and degeneration in human hip cartilage". Connect. Tissue Res. 19 (2–4): 149–76. doi:10.3109/03008208909043895PMID 2805680.
  28. Jump up ^ Mankin HJ, Thrasher AZ (January 1975). "Water content and binding in normal and osteoarthritic human cartilage". J Bone Joint Surg Am 57 (1): 76–80. PMID 1123375.
  29. Jump up to: a b Venn M, Maroudas A (April 1977). "Chemical composition and swelling of normal and osteoarthrotic femoral head cartilage. I. Chemical composition"Ann. Rheum. Dis. 36 (2): 121–9. doi:10.1136/ard.36.2.121PMC 1006646PMID 856064.
  30. Jump up ^ Madry H, Luyten FP, Facchini A (2012). "Biological aspects of early osteoarthritis". Knee Surg. Sports Traumatol. Arthrosc. 20 (3): 407–22. doi:10.1007/s00167-011-1705-8PMID 22009557.
  31. Jump up ^ Englund M, Roemer FW, Hayashi D, Crema MD, Guermazi A (2012). "Meniscus pathology, osteoarthritis and the treatment controversy". Nat. Rev. Rheumatol. 8 (7): 412–9. doi:10.1038/nrrheum.2012.69PMID 22614907.
  32. Jump up ^ Li G, Yin J, Gao J, Cheng TS, Pavlos NJ, Zhang C, Zheng MH (2013). "Subchondral bone in osteoarthritis: insight into risk factors and microstructural changes". Arthritis Res. Ther. 15 (6): 223. doi:10.1186/ar4405PMID 24321104.
  33. Jump up ^ Hill CL, Gale DG, Chaisson CE, Skinner K, Kazis L, Gale ME, Felson DT (2001). "Knee effusions, popliteal cysts, and synovial thickening: association with knee pain in osteoarthritis". J. Rheumatol. 28 (6): 1330–7. PMID 11409127.
  34. Jump up ^ Felson DT, Chaisson CE, Hill CL, Totterman SM, Gale ME, Skinner KM, Kazis L, Gale DR (2001). "The association of bone marrow lesions with pain in knee osteoarthritis". Ann Intern Med. 2001 Apr 3;134(7):541-9 134 (7): 541–9. doi:10.7326/0003-4819-134-7-200104030-00007PMID 11281736.
  35. Jump up ^ Zhang W, Doherty M, Peat G, Bierma-Zeinstra MA, Arden NK, Bresnihan B, Herrero-Beaumont G, Kirschner S, Leeb BF, Lohmander LS, Mazières B, Pavelka K, Punzi L, So AK, Tuncer T, Watt I, Bijlsma JW (March 2010). "EULAR evidence-based recommendations for the diagnosis of knee osteoarthritis". Ann. Rheum. Dis. 69 (3): 483–9. doi:10.1136/ard.2009.113100PMID 19762361.
  36. Jump up ^ Bierma-Zeinstra SM, Oster JD, Bernsen RM, Verhaar JA, Ginai AZ, Bohnen AM (August 2002). "Joint space narrowing and relationship with symptoms and signs in adults consulting for hip pain in primary care". J. Rheumatol. 29 (8): 1713–8. PMID 12180735.
  37. Jump up ^ Osteoarthritis (OA): Joint Disorders at Merck Manual of Diagnosis and Therapy Professional Edition
  38. Jump up ^ Phillips CR, Brasington RD (2010). "Osteoarthritis treatment update: Are NSAIDs still in the picture?"Journal of Musculoskeletal Medicine 27 (2).
  39. Jump up ^ Kalunian KC (2013). "Patient information: Osteoarthritis symptoms and diagnosis (Beyond the Basics)". UpToDate. Retrieved 15 February 2013.
  40. Jump up ^ Altman R, Alarcón G, Appelrouth D, Bloch D, Borenstein D, Brandt K, Brown C, Cooke TD, Daniel W, Gray R (November 1990). "The American College of Rheumatology criteria for the classification and reporting of osteoarthritis of the hand". Arthritis Rheum. 33 (11): 1601–10. doi:10.1002/art.1780331101PMID 2242058.
Sep 15, 2015

Dr. Rosenblum discusses Rheumatoid Arthritis

Discussed in this podcast:

Diagnosis

Treatment

SLE

Osteoarthritis

DMARDs

Methotrexate

 

PainExam Podcast

Download our iphone App!

Download our Android App!

For more information on Pain Management Topics and keywords

Go to PainExam.com

David Rosenblum, MD specializes in Pain Management and is the Director of Pain Management at Maimonides Medical Center and AABP Pain Managment

For evaluation and treatment of a Painful Disorder, go to www.AABPPain.com

718 436 7246

DISCLAIMER: Doctor Rosenblum IS HERE SOLELY TO EDUCATE, AND YOU ARE SOLELY RESPONSIBLE FOR ALL YOUR DECISIONS AND ACTIONS IN RESPONSE TO ANY INFORMATION CONTAINED HEREIN. This podcasts is not intended as a substitute for the medical advice of physician to a particular patient or specific ailment. 

You should regularly consult a physician in matters relating to yours or another’s health.  You understand that this podcast is not intended as a substitute for consultation with a licensed medical professional. 

 

Copyright © 2015 QBazaar.com, LLC  All rights reserved. No part of this publication may be reproduced, stored in a retrieval system, or transmitted in any form or by any means, electronic, mechanical, recording or otherwise, without the prior written permission of the author.

 

     References[edit]

  1. "Handout on Health: Rheumatoid Arthritis"National Institute of Arthritis and Musculoskeletal and Skin Diseases. August 2014. Retrieved 2 July 2015.
  2. ^ Majithia V, Geraci SA (2007). "Rheumatoid arthritis: diagnosis and management". Am. J. Med. 120 (11): 936–9. doi:10.1016/j.amjmed.2007.04.005PMID 17976416.
  3. Scott DL, Wolfe F, Huizinga TW (Sep 25, 2010). "Rheumatoid arthritis". Lancet 376 (9746): 1094–108. doi:10.1016/S0140-6736(10)60826-4PMID 20870100.
  4.  Singh, JA; Wells, GA; Christensen, R; Tanjong Ghogomu, E; Maxwell, L; Macdonald, JK; Filippini, G; Skoetz, N; Francis, D; Lopes, LC; Guyatt, GH; Schmitt, J; La Mantia, L; Weberschock, T; Roos, JF; Siebert, H; Hershan, S; Lunn, MP; Tugwell, P; Buchbinder, R (16 February 2011). "Adverse effects of biologics: a network meta-analysis and Cochrane overview.". The Cochrane database of systematic reviews (2): CD008794. PMID 21328309.
  5.  Efthimiou P, Kukar M (2010). "Complementary and alternative medicine use in rheumatoid arthritis: proposed mechanism of action and efficacy of commonly used modalities". Rheumatology international 30 (5): 571–86. doi:10.1007/s00296-009-1206-yPMID 19876631.
  6. "Rheumatoid Arthritis and Complementary Health Approaches". National Center for Complementary and Integrative Health. Retrieved July 1,2015.
  7. GBD 2013 Mortality and Causes of Death, Collaborators (17 December 2014). "Global, regional, and national age-sex specific all-cause and cause-specific mortality for 240 causes of death, 1990-2013: a systematic analysis for the Global Burden of Disease Study 2013."Lancet 385 (9963): 117–71. doi:10.1016/S0140-6736(14)61682-2PMC 4340604PMID 25530442.
  8. ^ Landré-Beauvais AJ (1800). La goutte asthénique primitive (doctoral thesis). Paris. reproduced in Landré-Beauvais AJ (2001). "The first description of rheumatoid arthritis. Unabridged text of the doctoral dissertation presented in 1800". Joint Bone spine 68 (2): 130–43. doi:10.1016/S1297-319X(00)00247-5PMID 11324929.
  9. Paget, Stephen A.; Lockshin, Michael D.; Loebl, Suzanne (2002). The Hospital for Special Surgery Rheumatoid Arthritis Handbook Everything You Need to Know. New York: John Wiley & Sons. p. 32. ISBN 9780471223344.
  10. Turesson C, O'Fallon WM, Crowson CS, Gabriel SE, Matteson EL (2003). "Extra-articular disease manifestations in rheumatoid arthritis: incidence trends and risk factors over 46 years"Ann. Rheum. Dis. 62 (8): 722–7. doi:10.1136/ard.62.8.722PMC 1754626PMID 12860726.
  11. Nicki R. Colledge, Brian R. Walker, Stuart H. Ralston, eds. (2010). Davidson's principles and practice of medicine. (21st ed.). Edinburgh: Churchill Livingstone/Elsevier. ISBN 978-0-7020-3084-0.
  12. "An approach to Early Arthritis"Pn.lifehugger.com. 12 January 2009. Archived from the original on 2010-05-27.
  13. https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Rheumatoid_arthritis
Sep 8, 2015

Dr. Rosenblum discusses Rheumatoid Arthritis

Discussed in this podcast:

Diagnosis

Treatment

SLE

Osteoarthritis

DMARDs

Methotrexate

 

PainExam Podcast

Download our iphone App!

Download our Android App!

For more information on Pain Management Topics and keywords

Go to PainExam.com

David Rosenblum, MD specializes in Pain Management and is the Director of Pain Management at Maimonides Medical Center and AABP Pain Managment

For evaluation and treatment of a Painful Disorder, go to www.AABPPain.com

718 436 7246

DISCLAIMER: Doctor Rosenblum IS HERE SOLELY TO EDUCATE, AND YOU ARE SOLELY RESPONSIBLE FOR ALL YOUR DECISIONS AND ACTIONS IN RESPONSE TO ANY INFORMATION CONTAINED HEREIN. This podcasts is not intended as a substitute for the medical advice of physician to a particular patient or specific ailment. 

You should regularly consult a physician in matters relating to yours or another’s health.  You understand that this podcast is not intended as a substitute for consultation with a licensed medical professional. 

 

Copyright © 2015 QBazaar.com, LLC  All rights reserved. No part of this publication may be reproduced, stored in a retrieval system, or transmitted in any form or by any means, electronic, mechanical, recording or otherwise, without the prior written permission of the author.

 

     References[edit]

  1. "Handout on Health: Rheumatoid Arthritis"National Institute of Arthritis and Musculoskeletal and Skin Diseases. August 2014. Retrieved 2 July 2015.
  2. ^ Majithia V, Geraci SA (2007). "Rheumatoid arthritis: diagnosis and management". Am. J. Med. 120 (11): 936–9. doi:10.1016/j.amjmed.2007.04.005PMID 17976416.
  3. Scott DL, Wolfe F, Huizinga TW (Sep 25, 2010). "Rheumatoid arthritis". Lancet 376 (9746): 1094–108. doi:10.1016/S0140-6736(10)60826-4PMID 20870100.
  4.  Singh, JA; Wells, GA; Christensen, R; Tanjong Ghogomu, E; Maxwell, L; Macdonald, JK; Filippini, G; Skoetz, N; Francis, D; Lopes, LC; Guyatt, GH; Schmitt, J; La Mantia, L; Weberschock, T; Roos, JF; Siebert, H; Hershan, S; Lunn, MP; Tugwell, P; Buchbinder, R (16 February 2011). "Adverse effects of biologics: a network meta-analysis and Cochrane overview.". The Cochrane database of systematic reviews (2): CD008794. PMID 21328309.
  5.  Efthimiou P, Kukar M (2010). "Complementary and alternative medicine use in rheumatoid arthritis: proposed mechanism of action and efficacy of commonly used modalities". Rheumatology international 30 (5): 571–86. doi:10.1007/s00296-009-1206-yPMID 19876631.
  6. "Rheumatoid Arthritis and Complementary Health Approaches". National Center for Complementary and Integrative Health. Retrieved July 1,2015.
  7. GBD 2013 Mortality and Causes of Death, Collaborators (17 December 2014). "Global, regional, and national age-sex specific all-cause and cause-specific mortality for 240 causes of death, 1990-2013: a systematic analysis for the Global Burden of Disease Study 2013."Lancet 385 (9963): 117–71. doi:10.1016/S0140-6736(14)61682-2PMC 4340604PMID 25530442.
  8. ^ Landré-Beauvais AJ (1800). La goutte asthénique primitive (doctoral thesis). Paris. reproduced in Landré-Beauvais AJ (2001). "The first description of rheumatoid arthritis. Unabridged text of the doctoral dissertation presented in 1800". Joint Bone spine 68 (2): 130–43. doi:10.1016/S1297-319X(00)00247-5PMID 11324929.
  9. Paget, Stephen A.; Lockshin, Michael D.; Loebl, Suzanne (2002). The Hospital for Special Surgery Rheumatoid Arthritis Handbook Everything You Need to Know. New York: John Wiley & Sons. p. 32. ISBN 9780471223344.
  10. Turesson C, O'Fallon WM, Crowson CS, Gabriel SE, Matteson EL (2003). "Extra-articular disease manifestations in rheumatoid arthritis: incidence trends and risk factors over 46 years"Ann. Rheum. Dis. 62 (8): 722–7. doi:10.1136/ard.62.8.722PMC 1754626PMID 12860726.
  11. Nicki R. Colledge, Brian R. Walker, Stuart H. Ralston, eds. (2010). Davidson's principles and practice of medicine. (21st ed.). Edinburgh: Churchill Livingstone/Elsevier. ISBN 978-0-7020-3084-0.
  12. "An approach to Early Arthritis"Pn.lifehugger.com. 12 January 2009. Archived from the original on 2010-05-27.
  13. https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Rheumatoid_arthritis
Sep 1, 2015

Acute Back Pain

Diagnosis

MRI, CT scan, Bone Scintigraphy

X rays

Comorbid psychological illness, substance a buse

Cauda equina syndrome

Reference

Benzon HT Essentials of Pain Management and Regional Anesthesia. Second ed. 2005

p. 315-321

PainExam Podcast

Download our iphone App!

Download our Android App!

For more information on Pain Management Topics and keywords

Go to PainExam.com

David Rosenblum, MD specializes in Pain Management and is the Director of Pain Management at Maimonides Medical Center and AABP Pain Managment

For evaluation and treatment of a Painful Disorder, go to www.AABPPain.com

718 436 7246

DISCLAIMER: Doctor Rosenblum IS HERE SOLELY TO EDUCATE, AND YOU ARE SOLELY RESPONSIBLE FOR ALL YOUR DECISIONS AND ACTIONS IN RESPONSE TO ANY INFORMATION CONTAINED HEREIN. This podcasts is not intended as a substitute for the medical advice of physician to a particular patient or specific ailment. 

You should regularly consult a physician in matters relating to yours or another’s health.  You understand that this podcast is not intended as a substitute for consultation with a licensed medical professional. 

 

Copyright © 2015 QBazaar.com, LLC  All rights reserved. No part of this publication may be reproduced, stored in a retrieval system, or transmitted in any form or by any means, electronic, mechanical, recording or otherwise, without the prior written permission of the author.

 

     

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